For humans, most snakebite victims are male, bitten in the warmer months of the year and most bites occur in or near homes.
The brown snake caused 23 of the 35 snakebite-related deaths recorded between 2000 and 2016 by the National Coronial Information Service.
Public health expert at the Australian Venom Research Unit at the University of Melbourne, Ronelle Welton led the study, published in the journal Toxicon.
It shows that mortality rates, while low, have remained steady for more than 30 years.
Collapse and cardiac arrest were common, despite improved access to health care and contemporary clinical research.
Dr Welton said the review challenged widely-held assumptions.
‘‘While the perception remains that snakebite incidents occur in rural areas, we found that nearly half the incidents occurred in an urban environment,’’ Dr Welton said.
Most incidents occurred in warmer seasons when snakes were more active. Most bites occurred on limbs, and up to seven people (one fifth of fatal victims) were reported to have been bitten while trying to pick up snakes.
Dr Welton said the report contained important take-home messages, particularly regarding the impact of brown snakes moving into areas usually occupied by other species, such as tiger snakes.
‘‘People should not attempt to pick up snakes, and need to be encouraged to practice appropriate first aid and know CPR,’’ Dr Welton said.
‘‘This information will help inform us about what educational information is needed, particularly in our urban towns and cities.’’
The AVRU is working with antivenene producer Seqirus to update a smartphone app, the Australian Bites and Stings app, available for both Android and Apple smartphones.